The majority of foundations out there are made of concrete or bricks that are put together with mortar and strengthened by concrete. Although concrete is very strong, durable, and perfect for foundation pouring, it can also crack for a variety of reasons, like if the concrete was mixed improperly or just cracks from settling. It is not uncommon to see small cracks running along your foundation, but sometimes they can be indicators of larger problems. If you have seen foundation cracks, here are a few types of foundation cracks that you might encounter.
- Vertical Cracks- When your cracks run vertical and perpendicular to the flat slab of your foundation, these are the least worrisome of the cracks and are usually just the result of the house settling into the ground.
- Diagonal Cracks– Diagonal cracks can be worrisome, but can also just be a sign of settling. It usually takes a professional eye to determine which is which. If a home is built on a grade, a diagonal crack can be a sign that the ground is moving, but the house is resisting the movement, causing a crack. This type will need professional attention.
- Horizontal Cracks– When your foundation cracks run parallel to the foundation floor (or horizontally) these are the cracks that you need to be very concerned with. They can be caused by water issues, surrounding earth putting pressure on the foundation, or even freezing and thawing of water. These foundation cracks need immediate attention by professionals.
- Stepping Cracks– If your foundation is made of bricks or concrete blocks, you can sometimes see cracks that look like steps because they follow the lines of the mortar joints. These are usually the result of settling homes and aren’t always an issue.
To learn more about foundation cracks and their repairs, contact us at Ample Epoxy Systems today.